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Rugby union is a contact team sport which originated in England in the first half of the 19th century. In its most common form, a game is between two teams of 15 players using an oval-shaped ball on a rectangular field.

The game is usually played on a grass field approximately 70 metres (230 ft) by 100 metres (330 ft). At each end of the field are the and an . Games last for eighty minutes and are divided into forty-minute halves. Each team defends one end and attempts to score points through and goals. One team kicks the ball towards the opposition starting play. At half time they , with the other team kicking off. After a successful kick-off the ball is in general play and can be passed, kicked, caught, picked up or by any player. The ball can be kicked in any direction, but must be passed . Players attempt to stop the opposition running the ball by tackling them. form when at least one player from each team is on their feet and the ball is on the ground. are formed when the ball carrier is held by at least one of the opposition and a teammate is also bound to them. Players can compete for the ball at tackles, rucks and mauls in accordance with the laws.